Top 5 White Wine Varieties in the World

Top 5 White Wine Varieties in the World

Top 5 White Wine Varieties in the World

White wine is charming, elegant whether dry or sweet and is a great accompaniment to pair with delicious meals or a starter during a dinner party. It’s also important to note that white wine is healthy and can help reduce cholesterol levels, just another good reason why you should pour yourself a glass of white wine as your read on.


Let’s begin with Chardonnay, it’s a green skinned grape variety that’s used in the production of white wine, and this variety originated from Burgundy wine region of eastern France. There are new regions in the world currently that grow Chardonnay, making it one of the easiest wines to access in the market. Chardonnay is the most consumed white wine in America and is also an important component of many sparkling wines and is one of the widely planted grape varieties in the world.

What makes this wine distinctive in flavour and taste? It depends on the region, for instance Washington Chardonnays are similar to California Chardonnays and tend to have more emphasis on fruit that creaminess. Whereas, Chardonnays produced in Washington are characterized by maintaining more acidity that balances with the fruity notes and flint earthiness. This white wine is a great accompaniment to various dishes locally such as ‘kuku choma’. It’s also a fabulous refreshing wine to drink on a hot day. Remember to serve it well chilled.

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Sauvignon Blanc

Secondly, we have Sauvignon Blanc that’s also a green skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France. It’s also a component of the famous dessert wines and wine connoisseurs describe Sauvignon Blanc as ‘crisp, elegant and fresh’ making it one of leading white wine variety in California.   

When it comes to how it tastes, this grape variety is widely acclaimed as crisp, dry and refreshing. It can also feature tropical fruit with undertones of citrus and passion fruit notes. Sauvignon Blanc is best served chilled and pairs well with fish or cheese and its one of the few wines that pairs well with Sushi.

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Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the region Rhine region of Germany. Riesling grape variety can be used to make sweet, semi-sweet and dry wine.

What are some of the key characteristics that define a Riesling? They tend to have fruit flavours of berries, fruit and citrus. Expect to find flavours such as apricot, nectarine, peach, apple, pear and pineapple. When it comes to aromas of this grape variety, you will find aromas such as herb, spice, flower, spice and mineral just to name a few.
Although Rieslings are versatile with food because of its balance of sugar and acidity. It can easily pair with fish stews or pork chops.

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In addition, the Moscato comes from the Muscat family of grapes, it’s recognized as a dessert wine and originates from Italy. Muscat grapes range from white, yellow, pink to even near black and it’s the oldest domesticated grape variety. Muscat grape varieties are used to make off dry to sweet wines and it’s often labelled as Moscato in America.  

One characteristic in the Muscat family that embodies their flavour is that they are floral and have a grapey aroma. Due to the high sweetness from the grapes, it gives the Moscato a sweetness with flavours of nectarine, peach and orange. Moscato can be enjoyed on its own and goes very well with spicy dishes such as peri peri chicken, pilau and food with hot pepper.

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Pinot Grio

Lastly, we have Pinot Grigio that’s a white wine grape variety that originates from the Burgundy region of France. It has a brownish pink, white and black appearance. White wines produced from this grape also vary in colour from a deep golden yellow to copper and a light shade of pink.

What can you expect from a Pinot Grio wine? Well, if it’s from Washington region they tend to have be moderate and low acidity with a higher alcohol content. They also have an almost oily texture that plays a role in the full bodied nature of the wine. Pinot Grio flavours range from ripe tropical fruit notes such as mango and melon. The California Pinto Grio is different in taste being more light bodied with a crisp, refreshing taste with some pepper and arugula notes. This grape variety best pairs with seafood dishes such as Tilapia and green vegetables.

White wines have their own element that makes them unique and favourable compared to red wine. Plus, the region it’s grown also do have an effect on tasting notes and flavours. These five white wine varieties are a perfect start for any wine enthusiast. Do check out our store to buy more white wine varieties and please do give us a review on which wine variety is your favourite.