Looking to get started with wine and want to know all types of wine red, white, rose & fruit wines? This article is great to familiarise yourself with the world of wine as a wine enthusiast. Know what goes into producing a red, white and rose wine and other types of wine.
What goes into making red wine you may ask? Red wine is a favorite ranging from silky and smooth tastes and bold tones. Interestingly, the red wine production process involves extraction of color and flavor components from the grape skin. Red wine is made from dark-colored grape varieties. The actual color of the wine can range from violet, typical of young wines, through red for mature wines, to brown for older red wines. The juice from most purple grapes is actually greenish-white; the red color comes from anthocyanin pigments present in the skin of the grape; exceptions are the relatively uncommon teinturier varieties, which actually have red flesh and produce red juice.
Appreciate an occasional glass of white wine? White wine can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold. The fermentation of the non-colored grape pulp produces white wine, the grapes from which white wine is produced are typically green or yellow. Some varieties that are well known include Chardonnay, Sauvignon, and Riesling. Dark-skinned grapes may be used to produce white wine if the wine-maker is careful not to let the skin stain the wort during the separation of the pulp-juice. Pinot noir, for example, is commonly used to produce champagne.
Further, dry (non-sweet) white wine is the most common, derived from the complete fermentation of the wort. Sweet wines are produced when the fermentation is interrupted before all the grape sugars are converted into alcohol. Sparkling wines, which are mostly white wines, are produced by not allowing carbon dioxide from the fermentation to escape during fermentation, which takes place in the bottle rather than in the barrel.
When you want to feel special you pop that bottle of rosé but you might be curious about what goes into creating a rosé wine. A rosé wine incorporates some of the color from the grape skins, but not enough to qualify it as a red wine. It may be the oldest known type of wine, as it is the most straightforward to make with the skin contact method. The pink color can range from a pale orange to a vivid near-purple, depending on the varietals used and wine-making techniques. There are three primary ways to produce rosé wine: skin contact (allowing dark grape skins to stain the wort), saignée (removing juice from the must early in fermentation and continuing fermentation of the juice separately), and blending (uncommon and discouraged in most wine growing regions). Rosé wines can be made still, semi-sparkling, or sparkling, with a wide range of sweetness levels from dry Provençal rosé to sweet White Zinfandels and blushes. Rosé wines are made from a wide variety of grapes all over the world.
Did you know you can also enjoy wine from fruits other than grape? Wines from other fruits, such as apples and berries, are usually named after the fruit from which they are produced combined with the word “wine” (for example, apple wine and elderberry wine) and are generically called fruit wine or country wine. Other than the grape varieties traditionally used for wine-making, most fruits naturally lack either sufficient fermentable sugars, relatively low acidity, yeast nutrients needed to promote or maintain fermentation, or a combination of these three characteristics. This is probably one of the main reasons why wine derived from grapes has historically been more prevalent by far than other types, and why specific types of fruit wine have generally been confined to regions in which the fruits were native or introduced for other reasons.